Melchizedek, just who seems in the Old testament, leads to biblical tradition given that he had been both queen and you can priest, associated with Jerusalem, and you will respected by the Abraham, just who paid a tithe to help you your. To possess Abraham to determine new power and you may authenticity out of a great Canaanite priest-queen try startling and has zero synchronous when you look at the biblical literary works.
Melchizedek are a vintage Canaanite name definition “My personal Queen Is actually [the latest god] Sedek” otherwise “My personal King Try Righteousness” (the definition of the comparable Hebrew cognate).
The brand new goodness just who Melchizedek functions as priest is “Este ?Elyon,” a reputation from Canaanite source, most likely designating new higher god of its pantheon.
Melchizedek, plus spelled Melchiseent), a fact of importance inside biblical customs as he was both queen and priest, are associated with Jerusalem, and you will is respected from the Abraham, exactly who paid off a beneficial tithe so you can your
Melchizedek is thought to have already been this new queen from Jerusalem. Salem, at which he could be said to be king, is really most likely Jerusalem. Psalm 76:dos refers to Salem such that implies that it try just Jerusalem, in addition to reference for the Genesis to help you “the new King’s Area” next confirms it personality.
The guy looks like a person only inside the an enthusiastic interpolated vignette (Genesis –20) of tale off Abraham preserving his kidnapped nephew, Parcel, by the defeating a great coalition regarding Mesopotamian leaders lower than Chedorlaomer.
About episode, Melchizedek meets Abraham toward their return from competition, offers your bread and wine (which was translated of the specific Christian scholars due to the fact a predecessor of the Eucharist, so as that Melchizedek’s title joined the new cannon of your own Roman mass), and blesses Abraham from the term from “Jesus Extremely Higher” (in Hebrew El ?Elyon). Inturn, Abraham offers your a beneficial tithe of your booty.
Melchizedek is actually a vintage Canaanite name definition “My personal Queen Was [the new goodness] Sedek” or “My Queen Is Righteousness” (the definition of the equivalent Hebrew cognate). Salem, of which he or she is supposed to be king, is extremely probably Jerusalem. Psalm 76:2 describes Salem such that ensures that it are synonymous with Jerusalem, together with source within the Genesis to help you “this new King’s Valley” then confirms so it identity. The new jesus whom Melchizedek functions as priest is “El ?Elyon,” again a name of Canaanite origin, probably designating the high jesus of their pantheon. (After, the fresh Hebrews adapted several other Canaanite title since the a keen appellation for Jesus.)
Abraham paying a great tithe so you can Melchizedek was a translation, though a most likely that, of your totally new biblical text message, the spot where the amount is uncertain; it appears incongruous that Abraham brings a tenth of one’s booty so you can Melchizedek right after which will not simply take any one of it for himself (passages twenty-two–23)
Getting Abraham to understand this new expert and credibility from an effective Canaanite priest-king try startling and also no synchronous from inside the biblical literature. That it tale might have reached their last foods regarding months away from King David, serving given that an enthusiastic apologia having David’s and come up with Jerusalem his headquarters and you can setting-up the fresh priesthood truth be told there. Abraham’s expenses tribute so you’re able to good Jerusalem priest-queen after that manage enjoy enough time whenever Abraham’s descendants manage give tithes with the priests out-of Jerusalem ministering regarding retreat within the newest Davidic resource. The storyline can also connect with the latest dispute between the Levite priests descended from Abraham in addition to Zadokite priests off Jerusalem, just who later on altered the allegiance in order to Yahweh, the fresh Hebrew jesus. The fresh new Zadokites monopolized the fresh new Jerusalem priesthood up until forcibly removed in order to Babylon, at which big date Levite priests asserted their hegemony; brand new Melchizedek episode you can expect to let you know brand new reascendancy of Zadokite stamina.
The newest biblical membership along with presents textual issues. Once more, particular scholars possess mentioned that it would be uncommon to have an author of Davidic minutes to construct a story which have an excellent Canaanite protagonist.